Ativan is a popular tranquilizer which is used to lower agitation in the central nervous system. It contains an active ingredient Lorazepam. Ativan allows to quickly restore sleeping regimen, remove tension, lower anxiety and intensity of the spasms.
The active ingredient Lorazepam has soporific, calming, myorelaxing, anxiolytic, and anticonvulsive action. The mechanism of the action of Ativan differs from the action of antidepressants. The phatmacologica action is achieved by means of the increased activity of GABA receptors. These receptors are the basic breaking mediator in the neuron chains of the central nervous system. The increase of the activity of these receptors will lower the symptoms related to the increased agitation of the CNS.
The medicine does not affect the concentration of neurotransmitters in the brain and does not influence on the human mood. Ativan relaxes, calms down, and helps to forget about fear. The anticonvulsive action of Ativan helps to significantly lower the frequency of the epileptic attacks.
Who is prescribed Ativan?
Ativan is prescribed patients nervous-mental disorders:
- Anxiety disorder
- Panic disorder
- Sleep disorders
- Increased agitation in schizophrenia
- psychosomatic disorders and headaches
In what dose is Ativan taken?
For convenience, Ativan is released in small pills for a peroral application. Every pill contains 1 mg or 2 mg of Lorazepam.
The dosage regimen depends on the type of the nervous-mental disorder:
- if anxiety or panic attacks, Ativan is used in the dose of 1 mg 3 times per day. To enhance a therapeutic action, the dose is gradually increased up to 6-8 mg per day (3 times)
- if epilepsy, Ativan 2 mg is used 2-3 times per day
- for better falling asleep and recovery of the sleep, Ativan is used in the dose of 1 mg 30 minutes before sleeping
- the maximal daily dose of Ativan is 10 mg. The higher doses may cause severe side effects in the central nervous system.
To prevent a risk of the convulsive syndrome, Ativan cessation should be gradual. The dose is gradually decreased up to 1-2 mg per day, and then the treatment is completely stopped. If a withdrawal syndrome appears, seek for a medical aid.
Due to the strong sedative and anxiolytic action, Ativan can cause side effects. The following side effects can commonly happen: confusion, excitement, aggression, hallucinations, irritation, and nervousness.
Sleepiness often happens during the use of Ativan, and so, if you job is related to the potentially dangerous activity, take a vacation during the treatment.
To accelerate the onset of the effect, patients take high doses of Ativan (more than 10 mg per day). This approach to the treatment can cause the overdose symptoms: decreased reflexes, paradoxical agitation, vomiting, increased symptoms of anxiety, deep sleep, tremors, coma, depression of cardiac and respiratory systems, collapse, drop in blood pressure.
If the overdose symptoms appeared, go to a doctor as soon as possible.