Clomid is a hormonal antiestrogen medicine which is used in the medical practice for the treatment of the diseases caused by the excessive amount of the female sexual hormones.
It contains Clomiphene which blocks a link of estradiol to estrogen receptors in hypothalamus and ovaries. It leads to the stimulation of ovulation and increase of the production of luteinizing hormone and follicule-stimulating hormone. Using Clomid, the reproductive function and menstrual cycle are restored in women.
There are medical evidences that Clomid is effective in the treatment of the androgenic failure in men. The mechanism of action of Clomid in the male body is completely identical, but the testosterone level is increased in front of the decreased estrogen level.
Clomid is not a steroid hormone, and therefore its administration does not change physiological characteristics of the body.
Indications for the use
Clomid is often used in gynecology to treat diseases caused by the excessive amount of the sexual hormones:
- Uterine bleedings
- No ovulation
- No menstruation
In urology and andrology, Clomid is used for the prevention of gynecomastia in men and a recovery of the natural level of testosterone during deficit of estrogens.
Usage of Clomid
Clomid is used 1-2 tablets of Clomid 50 mg per day within 3-4 months in the male medical practice.
Treating female hormonal pathologies, Clomid is used by short cycles (5-10 days). To restore ovulation, Clomid is used in 50 mg within 5 days starting from the 5th day of the cycle.
If a woman does not have menstruation within several months, the use of Clomid 50 mg begins in any day.
It is very important to take Clomid 50 mg within 5 days, without skipping any dose. After the end of the therapeutic cycle, a woman will have menstruation or ovulation within a month. The repeated therapeutic cycle of Clomid is prescribed in case of no treatment results during a month.
The second cycle lasts for 10 days during which one tablet Clomid 50 mg is used per day. There can be 5 cycles. If a woman does not have ovulation within entire treatment, it is necessary to use a complex medical examination to make a diagnosis.
The administration of Clomid can cause side effects of the middle severity: dizziness, headache, nausea, sometimes vomiting, depression, high fatigue, anxiety, insomnia, putting on body weight, and pain in the bottom of a stomach.
The side effects can be caused by the overdose, or increased sensitivity to Clomiphene. If they do not cause anxiety and discomfort, a medical intervention is not needed. After the end of Clomid administration, the side effects disappear.
Contraindications for the use of Clomid:
- Individual intolerance of Clomiphene
- Pregnancy or suspicion for pregnancy
- Hepatic failure
- Benign cyst of ovaries
- Malignant tumors on genitals
- Pituitary dysfunction