What is Doxycycline?
Doxycycline is often prescribed to treat different infections caused by bacteria, including acne. Some doctors prescribe it to patients to prevent malaria, and this medicine belongs to a group of drugs called tetracycline antibiotics. It’s effective because it kills harmful bacteria by stopping their growth, so it can’t treat the infections caused by viruses. Remember that unnecessary use of Doxycycline results in its reduced effectiveness.
Basic Instructions on Its Correct Use
You need to use this medicine orally on an empty stomach (usually 1-2 hours before meals, 1-2 times a day). Doxycycline should be used with enough water, but if you suffer from stomach ulcers, your doctor may recommend you to take regular doses with milk and food. However, this combination may result in its reduced effectiveness, so be careful. It’s not advisable to lie for about ten minutes after taking it, and if you use Doxycycline to prevent malaria, you need to take it only once a day. All doses must be prescribed based on individual tolerance and other important criteria. You need to take this medication only at evenly-spaced intervals to keep its level in the blood the same.
List of Common and Rare Adverse Effects
Doxycycline may lead to experiencing some unwanted symptoms, such as:
- Nausea and diarrhea
- Vomiting and stomach upset
- Headaches and allergic reactions
However, they are quite mild, so you shouldn’t worry about them, unless they persist or worsen. Only in rare cases some patients taking Doxycycline may develop severe side effects, including:
- Sun sensitivity and urine changes
- Difficult and painful swallowing
- Vision changes and increased pressure inside the skull
- Stomach cramps and bloody stools
This medication may rarely result in serious intestinal condition and oral thrush. So, you need to contact your doctor if you notice any changes in your normal condition.
Basic Doxycycline Contraindications
Before you start this treatment, go to the hospital to be carefully examined and discuss other conditions that you have, including allergies, difficulty swallowing, esophagus complications and others. This medicine may make patients sensitive to direct sunlight, so it’s advisable to wear protective clothing. Children can be more sensitive to its side effects, especially when it comes to tooth discoloration. This treatment is not recommended for pregnant and nursing women.
In addition, there are certain medications that may potentially interact with Doxycycline, so they should be avoided because of dangerous drug interactions. Don’t combine this antibiotic with any products that contain iron, aluminum, magnesium, calcium and zinc, antacids, dairy products, vitamins and minerals, narcotic pain-killers, anti-diarrhea meds, blood thinners, anti-seizure drugs, penicillin, live bacterial vaccines, birth control pills, etc. Keep a list of these drugs when going to the hospital.