Hydrochlorothiazide is taken to treat hypertension, and this medication is quite popular nowadays. Basically, lowering patients’ blood pressure helps them prevent such serious medical conditions as heart attacks, strokes and so on. It’s all about a special diuretic or water pill that causes the human body to produce more urine, thus, helping people get rid of extra water and salt. The intake of Hydrochlorothiazide also decreases edema, a common condition that can be caused by such health problems as kidney and liver diseases. This is what lessens such annoying symptoms as swelling and shortness of breath.
How to Use Hydrochlorothiazide Correctly
It’s necessary to take this medicine orally, and most patients use it only once a day (in the morning). They should avoid using Hydrochlorothiazide at least 4 hours before their bedtime to avoid frequent urinating at night. A regular dosage must be based on a set of basic considerations, including individual response and overall health.
Possible Hydrochlorothiazide Side Effects
There are some unwanted side effects that can result from this medication, including:
- Dizziness and headache;
- Upset stomach and lightheadedness;
- Nausea and vomiting.
The good news is that most patients who use Hydrochlorothiazide don’t develop any unwanted symptoms at all. However, a few of them report serious adverse effects, such as:
- Eye pain and vision changes;
- Dehydration and allergic reactions;
- Muscle weakness and crumps;
- Unusual thirst and dry mouth;
- Sudden reduced urination;
- Irregular and fast heartbeats.
If you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms, you need to go to the hospital at once and stop using this medication.
Contraindications and Precautions
Before you start taking Hydrochlorothiazide, you need to visit doctors and discuss all possible contraindications, especially if you have any pre-existing medical conditions. For example, it’s advisable to inform your physician whether you have any allergies, lupus, kidney and liver problems, gout, diabetes and others. Don’t forget that the use of Hydrochlorothiazide may make people feel dizzy, so they shouldn’t drive or do other things that usually require their full alertness. Besides, users need to avoid drinking too much alcohol when undergoing this treatment. Another important detail is that severe vomiting and sweating can increase the risk of having dehydration, so you need to drink enough water.
If you have diabetes, check your blood sugar levels on a regular basis, and this medication may reduce potassium levels. Hydrochlorothiazide can make you more sensitive to the sun, so you should avoid any direct sunlight. Be sure to use effective sunscreen and wear special protective clothing when taking it. Finally, you need to tell your doctor about other meds that you’re taking, including Colestipol, to avoid possible drug interactions that can be quite dangerous.