Accutane (Isotretinoin)

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Brand Names: Accutane, Amnesteem, Claravis, Sotret
Generic Name: Isotretinoin
Dosage: 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 30mg, 40mg

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Description

Accutane is a stimulant of the skin regeneration and one of the best products for the acne treatment. This medicine contains Isotretinoin, a synthetic analogue of A vitamin.
Isotretinoin (vitamin A) is synthesized in small amount in the human body. After formation, it interacts with internal microflora and turns into transretinic acid which takes part in the regeneration processes of the skin.
Accutane skin care quickly helps to cure skin of severe acne. This medicine is not used for the prevention of acne, but it only neutralizes symptoms of the serious defects of the skin.
Under the action of this medicines, a reduction of the produced sebum and inflammatory processes happen on the skin. Accutane shows antiseborrheic and ectylotic action. A patient experiences peeling of the skin which takes off the upper layer of epithelium together with inflammatory and clogged acne.

Who is prescribed Accutane?

Accutane is not a product of the first aid during acne. At first, it is necessary to try to cure of the skin defect with the help of the cosmetic products and antibiotics. If it did not help, and skin became worse, Accutane may be used.
Accutane is prescribed for the treatment of acne vulgaris of severe genesis, keratosis pilaris, folliculitis, acne rosacea.

Accutane administration

The scheme of the treatment of acne:

  • The first stage of therapeutic course lasts for 2 weeks. 0,5 mg Accutane per 1 kg of the body weight is used (if your body weight is 70 kg, it is necessary to take 35 mg of Accutane per day). The second stage of the treatment begins in 2 weeks
  • The second stage of therapeutic course lasts for 12 to 20 weeks. 1 mg of Accutane per 1 kg of the body weight is used.

A noticed therapeutic effect appears in 4-8 weeks after the beginning of the treatment. In some severe cases, 3-4 months may be needed for the improvement.
The tablets of Accutane are used after eating, with enough water for better digestion. The consumption of tabs on an empty stomach can cause side effects in the gastro-intestinal tract.
The maximal length of the use of Accutane is 6 months. If this period is not enough for the complete improvement of the skin, the treatment is restored in 3-4 months.
If there is a reduction of acne by 70% of the skin within the first 3-4 months, the treatment is ceased, and the further positive regeneration processes are observed.

Overdose

The overdose of Accutane can be accompanied by severe side effects. The symptoms of the side effects are the same as during the excessive amount of A vitamin in the body: skin rash, peeling of the skin, increased agitation of the central nervous system, fever, sudden increased level of cholesterol, dysfunction of kidneys and urinary system.
If you noticed the symptoms of Accutane overdose, it is necessary to see a doctor and have a gastric lavage as soon as possible.

Side effects

Accutane is prescribed in exclusive cases because it causes side effects. They can be different in different patients, but you should be ready for them.
The side effects of Accutane:

  • Dryness of the oral mucosa
  • Dermatitis
  • Dry skin
  • Peeling of the skin
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • The blood from nose
  • Increased blood sugar level

If the side effects do not bring severe discomfort, there is no need to stop the treatment. If a severe allergic reaction appears, the treatment is ceased.

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