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What Is Diabetic Neuropathy?

Unfortunately, there are lots of health conditions that remain unnoticed for a long period of time, which does not allow identifying them at the initial stage of their development. As a result, patients start to experience pain that has to be managed as soon as possible. One of such diseases is diabetic neuropathy, which becomes painful and debilitating as it progresses.

It is possible to manage it successfully if the treatment is started on time. In this case, the treatment is directed at prevention or slowing down the microvascular damage that may occur due to this health condition.

How Can This Health Condition Be Treated?

Currently, a range of methods is used for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy. Below, you will find several of them.

Controlling Blood Sugar

Those people who have high and fluctuating levels of sugar in the blood are under the risk of nerve damage. That is why it is so important to control blood sugar levels. Usually, for this purpose, various antidiabetic medications are used, for instance, insulin. Also, doctors recommend exercising and dieting. This combination of medications and methods can be pretty effective in preventing or slowing down the progress of this health condition.

Managing Pain

Unfortunately, diabetic neuropathy is a condition associated with pain. Since pain is severe, it requires using medications. The following remedies can be prescribed for patients with severe pain due to diabetic neuropathy:

  • Antidepressants (duloxetine, imipramine, bupropion, desipramine, paroxetine, and venlafaxine);
  • Medicines used for managing seizures (pregabalin, gabapentin, etc.);
  • Opioids that have pain relieving properties (oxycodone, tramadol, etc.).

Many patients have to use a combination of medications, which depends on the health status and effectiveness. If patients suffer from depression and anxiety, they may also be recommended to use counseling and cognitive behavioral therapy.

A range of medications can be applied locally to the affected areas on the skin, for instance, lidocaine. Other methods used to manage pain also exist, including the following:

  • Acupuncture;
  • Magnetic therapy;
  • Electrical nerve stimulation and others.

Managing Gastrointestinal Problems

Gastrointestinal problems may bring lots of discomfort to a patient’s life, and that is why they should also be treated. Patients are recommended to eat frequently and consume small meals. A range of medications can also be used, such as metoclopramide and erythromycin. They are used for treatment of slow gastric transit and similar health problems. People with diabetic neuropathy can also have urology problems, including vaginal dryness or erectile dysfunction. These conditions can also be treated with different drugs.

Unfortunately, diabetic neuropathy is a real problem that requires lots of attention. Patients with this condition are recommended to undergo regular check-ups to make sure that this disease is treated successfully.

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